Symptoms of Overtraining Syndrome

Symptoms of Overtraining Syndrome

Overtraining is defined as a long term decrease in performance, this may be a result of training and non-training stressors. Return to the athlete’s previous base line of performance may take several weeks to months or even a year.

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Overtraining syndrome is hard to diagnose, although over the last few years a range of symptoms related to being overtrained have been gathered. These symptoms include: –

  • Performance:
  • If there is no decrease in performance, then the athlete is not overtrained.
  • Fatigue:
  • Chronic Muscle Soreness – Decreased Aerobic Capacity
  • Decreased Muscular Strength – Early Onset of Fatigue
  • Physiology:
  • Increased Resting Heart Rate – Increased Sub-Maximal Heart Rate
  • Increased Sleep Heart Rate – Changes in Heart Rate Variability
  • Heart Palpations
  • Immune Function:
  • Frequent Colds – Upper Respiratory Tract Infections
  • Increased Time for Recovery Period
  • Mood:

– Increased Irritability – Mood Disturbances

– Decreased Motivation – Decrease Enthusiasm

– Decreased Competitive Drive

  • Blood Markers:
  • Decreased Testosterone Levels – Increased Creatine Kinase (CK)
  • Decreased Max Lactate Levels
  • Sleep:
  • Insomnia – Sleep Disturbance
  • Gastro-Intestinal:
  • Excessive Weight Loss – Loss of Appetite
  • No Menstruation – Diarrhoea/Constipation

Overtraining syndrome has serious negative effects on an athlete’s psychological mood, physical capacity, social life and performance level. Some other negative consciousness that come with overtraining syndrome include: –

  • Postural Misalignments – Poorer Performance
  • Severe Fatigue – Disturbed Sleep Patterns
  • Muscle Soreness – Mood Disturbances
  • Overuse Injuries – Immune System Deficits
  • Reduced Appetite – Concentration Difficulties
  • Decreased Sub Maximum – Decreased Maximum Heart Rates
  • Decreased Maximum Oxygen Uptake – Decreased Lactate Levels

Prevention of Overtraining Syndrome:

  • Recognise Overtraining Syndrome Risk Factors
  • Periodisation & Tapering
  • Monitoring of Training Response
  • Biochemical & Biological Markers
  • Recovery Strategies: Passive Rest
  • Post Workout Recovery: Hydrate & Nutrition
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